Prostate cancer is actually a ailment that occurs in the male reproductive system. This cancer is incredibly common as by far the most reasons for death in the usa.
The prostate itself accounts for creation of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is situated involving the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the ailment we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, since it is usually without symptoms. This is one answer to the question why this most often seen in men aged fifty years along with the most regularly diagnosed inside the seventies. Indeed in line with the age, symptom which had been not visible will probably be visible. a common complaint expressed by people who have the ailment is pain, specially when you urinate, sometimes you will found bleeding in urination, and the inclusion of erection problems.
The diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or with a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, may be the antigen whether it incorporated into someone`s blood, the physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will be confirmed by taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer is still under debate. Treatments vary, based on the stage. During the early stages may be used prostatectomy (elimination of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be carried out (reduce testosterone levels through the removing of drugs or even the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (elimination of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is produced from the abdomen or perineal area, and also the patient needed to undergo hospital treatment for 5-seven days. Complications that could happen is impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients that are still active se-x-life, can be achieved Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (elimination of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this technique causes physical and psychological effects that will not really tolerated with the patients. Orkiektomi is an excellent treatment, fails to require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need 3d prostate treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer which had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to treat cancer of any, B and C. Usually if the risk of surgery is too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy for the prostate gland can be carried out in a number of ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without the need to undergo hospitalization. Unwanted effects for example decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (including redness and irritation), injury or burns for the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation therapy is usually done around 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive entirely on prostate tissue by way of a small incision. The main advantage of this type of radiation therapy is that radiation is directed straight to the prostate with tissue damage inside the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The target is to reduce the quantity of testosterone. Decline in testosterone levels are often quite effective in preventing the expansion and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is principally accustomed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients that have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the greater number of traditionally used to deal with advanced prostate cancer. An illustration will be the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration since it provides the same result with removing the testes). Drugs given such as injections, usually every ninety days. Along side it effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs employed for hormonal therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to avoid the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. Along side it effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is frequently employed to treat signs of prostate cancer is immune to hormonal therapy. Usually given an individual drug or blend of several drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Drugs that could used to treat prostate cancer is:
Along side it effects vary and depend upon the drugs given. You should carefully consider the benefits and negative effects of both treatments to find the prostate cancer treatment options that fit with you.